What Are the Types of Dental Crowns?

What Are the Types of Dental Crowns?

February 16, 2021
Dental crowns have long been used as a solution to restore the look, size, shape, and function of a damaged tooth. These tooth-shaped caps encase the entire tooth and improve your smile. Before the dentist recommends a dental crown, you will first have to decide on a suitable option. In this post, we highlight the five types of dental crowns, their pros, and cons. But, why do you need a dental crown?

When Are Dental Crowns Used?

Our dentist can recommend dental crowns to fix a few dental imperfections that include:
  • A weakened tooth
  • To cover a dental implant
  • To repair cracked and chipped teeth
  • To restore the function of a tooth that has undergone a root canal procedure
  • Cover misshapen teeth
  • Holds dental bridge in place
  • Save the teeth that have been severely damaged by decay and can’t hold a filling
  • Protect a child’s teeth at risk of decay

What are the Different Types of Crowns?

1. Gold crowns

Gold crowns are made from a combination of copper and nickel or chromium. These crowns are on the higher side when it comes to price, but are hard and durable. They can withstand dental biting and chewing pressure. That is why the crowns are mostly used on molars and premolars. These crowns are durable, strong, and highly resistant to wear and tear. Plus, they require fewer portions of teeth removed. With proper care, the crowns can last for a long time as long as you care for them properly. On the downside, these crowns have poor aesthetics and don’t resemble your natural teeth. Also, some people may have allergic reactions to gold alloys.

2. Porcelain crowns

Porcelain crowns are mostly used because of their natural-looking features. When fixed, the crowns will resemble your teeth in look and function. These crowns are stain-resistant and also durable. They are ideal for people who have allergies. These crowns are, however, not as strong as the dental crowns. And, they are a bit more costly compared to other dental crowns.

3. Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns

PFM is also widely used because they combine the strength of metal and the aesthetics of the dental crown. These crowns mimic your natural teeth in appearance. However, the metal part in the crown can cause the gum line to darken. The crowns can also cause the opposing teeth to wear out faster.

4. Stainless steel

Stainless steel is premade crowns used on the teeth primarily as a temporary measure. The crowns are mostly used on children to protect their baby teeth to protect them from decay. They come out with the primary teeth. Fixing stainless crowns does not require multiple visits to the dental office. On the downside, they are bold and visible and hence used as a short-term treatment.

5. Resin crowns

They are the least expensive compared to the rest of these other types. But, they are worn down quickly and are also prone to fractures and cracks.

How Are They Fixed?

The dental crown process requires at least two dental visits. The procedure is done in a few steps:
  • Dental examination and planning
The dentist will begin by doing a comprehensive dental assessment and also map out your treatment. Next, she will help you choose a suitable dental crown.
  • Teeth preparation
Your enamel requires a little trimming and reshaping to accommodate the dental crowns. The amount removed will depend on the thickness of the dental crown. The procedure is done under local anesthesia. But, at times, sedation may be used for patients who have a phobia. Your dental scan or impression is taken for crafting the permanent crowns. The dentist will give you temporary crowns to cover the teeth ad you wait for the next appointment.
  • Fixing the dental crowns
The crowns are either cemented in place using a block of cement and hardened using laser light. A follow-up appointment may be scheduled to assess how the crowns are settling.

Schedule an Appointment

Visit Olivia Rodrigues DDS for more information on dental crowns and how they can fix your dental imperfections.