Common Teeth Malocclusion Problems

Common Teeth Malocclusion Problems

October 1, 2020
Teeth malocclusion is a misalignment problem that could cause severe complications in your oral health. Your teeth should fit in your oral cavity without any spacing or crowding issue. Your upper teeth should also overlap those on the lower jaw slightly for your molars’ pointed ridges to fit into the opposite molars’ groves. The term used to describe this ideal arrangement is occlusion. Malocclusion is, therefore, a deviation from ideal occlusion. Although the deviations differ, any teeth misalignment can cause bite issues. Teeth alignment in the upper jaw prevents you from biting your lips or cheeks while alignment in the lower jaw protects your tongue from accidental bites. This article explores the different bite problems in children and adults and how they can be fixed.

Underbite

The condition is common in kids and happens when your lower jaw overlaps the upper jaw. The result may be the rapid wearing of the teeth, enamel damage, and pressure on the jaw joints. Depending on how severe your underbite is, your lower teeth could jut over your upper teeth, or you may have a bull-dog appearance. If you have an underbite, Dr. Olivia Rodrigues DDS & Dr. Ryan Cumby DDS, and their team of dental experts will help fix braces in your mouth.

Overbite

This is the complete opposite of an underbite. With the overbite, your upper jaw overlaps the lower jaw. Your upper teeth, therefore, cover the lower ones when you close your mouth. This is the most common malocclusion issue, and it is associated with having an upper palate that is either too small or too narrow. An overbite may cause weak gums, damage to your enamel, and rapid tooth wear in addition to eating difficulties. The recommended orthodontics treatment is braces.

Crossbites

A crossbite can be of two types: anterior or posterior. While a posterior Crossbite occurs when your upper teeth fit behind your lower teeth, an anterior crossbite is the complete opposite. Crossbites can happen in all types of teeth, and they affect one or several teeth. Generally, this is a severe bite issue and should be treated as such. This teeth misalignment could cause:
  • Lopsided jaw growth
  • Lopsided facial appearance
  • Excessive wear of your enamel
  • Weakened gum tissue

Crowding

When your teeth lack enough space to grow, they tend to crowd. Resultantly, they may begin to rotate, overlap, or get trapped. Although there are several causes of crowded teeth, having a small mouth or large teeth are the most common. Your dentist may recommend braces, tooth extraction, or a palate expander depending on the extent of crowding. If none of these works, surgery could be the only option. For young patients, tooth removal is recommended to eliminate the chances of crowded teeth in the future.

Tooth Gaps

While having a small gap between your teeth, particularly the front ones, is normal, larger caps should be a cause of alarm. Large spaces between teeth can lead to shifting teeth, weakened gum tissue, and increased gum disease chances. The cosmetic dentistry procedure that can fix this condition is a dental implant or braces.

Deep Bite

With this condition, your front teeth cover the ones at the bottom completely. Although it resembles an overbite, you can’t refer to it as such as overbites do not necessarily have to be deep bites. A deep bite could cause serious damage to your gums as the cusps constantly cut and scrape gums of the other jaw. This not only heightens the risk of infection but also loosens the tissue’s hold on your teeth. In more severe cases, deep bites can lead to loss of permanent teeth.

Open Bite

Just like crossbites, open bites can be of two types: anterior and posterior. When you have an anterior open bite, the front teeth close, but those at the back do not. The reverse is true for posterior open bites. Although small or irregularly-sized teeth could cause open bites, the leading cause is childhood behaviors such as thumb sucking or using the mouth to breathe. People with open bites may develop speech impediments or have trouble swallowing.

Protrusion

Your front teeth may awkwardly stick out. The condition happens when your upper jaw is way too forward, or your lower jaw is way too back. Also, it may be a result of some childhood behaviors like thumb sucking. The protrusion has dire consequences and can be uncomfortable. Left untreated, protrusions could cause permanent loss of teeth.